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International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology

SOAPS, DETERGENTS, and SHAMPOOS

Soap and cleanliness have always been inseparable, with cleansing, be it personal hygiene or laundering, being a part of human history since the beginning of time. Even more stringent have been the guidelines set down by all the major religions with regard to the cleanliness of holy sites and the sanctification of the state of cleanliness to signify purity of body and soul.

The origins of the word “soap” and of the first chemical saponification are obscure. According to one Roman legend, soap was discovered accidentally near Mount Sapo, an ancient location for animal sacrifice not far from Rome. Mixed with wood ashes (the ancient source of alkali) and rainwater, the animal fat created an excellent soap mixture. Roman housewives noticed that the strange yellow mixture of the water of the Tiber River made their clothes cleaner and brighter than ordinary water.

Handcrafted bath and body care inspired by cocktails, made with real and natural ingredients! Bay-rum soap - Fiona asks Roger if he wants some bay-rum soap when he takes a bath (DIA, chapter Coarse soap made from tallow and lye - the standard everyday soap (V, chapter 38) French soap perfumed with lily of the valley - Jenny leaves this soap for Claire to use after Claire returns to tend Jamie's gunshot wound when Laoghaire shoots him.

A soap, in essence, is the salt of a fatty acid. A soap molecule consists of a polar ionic hydrophilic end (“water-loving’ end) and a nonpolar, hydrophobic end (“water-hating” end). When soap is mixed with water, its molecules arrange themselves in the form of roughly spherical aggregates of 60 or so molecules. Handmade soap and bath products. List Price: $26.00. Our Price: $26.00 (1) Soap Loaves Order your favorite soap in bulk. 702 - SUPER SOAP. Dilute up to 1:160. A thick, concentrated, liquid car soap that produces a super high stable foam and safely lifts dirt and traffic film from all paint surfaces. Banana fragrance. Sizes: 1/5/30/55 gal.

Throughout the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, physicians realized the value of soap as a medicinal agent. Perhaps the best known protagonist of soap was Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis who, in 1847, discovered the infectious etiology of puerperal fever, and thus required all the medical students to wash their hands before examining patients. He implored of them:

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I am not asking anything world shaking. I am asking you only to wash… For God’s sake, wash your hands”, and of new mothers “Unless everything that touches you is washed with soap and water and then chlorine solution, you will die and your child with you!
The use of soap reached its zenith at the beginning of the 20th century, and the maxim “cleanliness is next to godliness” has held sway ever since. The next two tables illustrate the definitions and the ingredients of soap. (Tables 1 & 2)

AgentsDefinitions
SoapsCleansing agents derived from animal fats or vegetable salt.
DetergentsCleansing agents comprised of synthetic ingredients.
ShampoosCleaning compounds made up of a soap or detergent and designed to remove oils and debris. from hair.

Soaps, detergents, and shampoos generally comprise a mixture of ingredients classified according to their function (Table 2).

Table 2. Ingredients of soap
IngredientsPercentages of total
Surfactants30-70
Plasticizers and binders20-50
Lather enhancers00-05
Fillers and binders05-30
Water05-12
Fragrance00-03
Opacifying agents00-0.3
Dyes and pigments<01

The surfactants are the essential cleaning substances, and they determine the cleaning and lathering characteristics of the soap, as well as its mushiness, plasticity, skin compatibility and other features. Surfactants are compounds that have a dual affinity: they are both lipophilic and hydrophilic. Their molecule consists of a lipophilic tail group, which links to greasy soil, and a hydrophilic polar head group, which renders it water-soluble and helps disperse and rinse away greasy soil. The balance between hydrophobic and hydrophilic features governs the application of the surfactant as a detergent, wetter, or emulsifier.

There are four main types of surfactants, classified by the nature of their hydrophilic head:
  • Anionic
  • Cationic
  • Amphoteric
  • Nonionic

The first three are charged molecules. Anionic surfactants possess a negative charge that needs to be neutralized with an alkaline or basic material before the full detergent capacity is developed, whereas cationic surfactants are positively charged and need to be neutralized by acids. Amphoterics include both acidic (negative) and basic (positive) groups, and nonionics contain no ionic constituents. “Natural” soap is the simplest anionic surfactant and, like it, the majority of surfactants used in personal cleansing bars and shampoos contain anionic head groups.

It is noteworthy that almost all anionic surfactants are sodium or potassium salts of the negatively charged head of the hydrocarbon chains, thus the ubiquitous slogans, “alkali free” or “soapless soap” are misnomers. Most soaps and shampoos contain a mixture of 2 to 4 surfactants and lather enhancers out of thousands of synthetic surfactants that are currently available. In addition, there are innumerable plasticizers, binders, moisturizers, and fillers available for formulating syndets. Constructing the formula of a syndet is extremely complicated and, together with extensive knowledge of chemistry and engineering, it requires both imagination and inspiration.

The target of cleansing is the outermost layer of tissue of our body, e.g., the keratinizing epithelium. It is composed of a cornified cell envelope, which is an extremely tough protein/lipid polymer structure. This hard and lipophilic layer of the epidermis and outer layer of the hairs would not easily retain dirt without the intervention of an outer hidrolipid film which covers it and which picks up particles of soil. This outer natural film of lipids entraps and glues environmental dust, pollutants, smoke, greases, keratinous debris organic and inorganic compounds of the sweat, cosmetics and other substances that come in contact with it.

The process of washing consists of the removal of the outer layer of grease in which the soil (no matter what kind) is embedded. It is a complex physico-chemical phenomenon that involves the following steps: Michael patch consultingdownload free apps download.

The interaction of soaps with the skin: the bare truth
Surgeons need to scrub. Healthcare providers and people involved with the preparation of food must take precautions against the spreading of contamination. There are situations in everybody’s life when the simple act of washing one’s hands may not be fateful but, nevertheless, would be wise. But, at the end of the day, contemporary dermatologists agree that modern middle-class people have become obsessed with cleanliness. Less, not more, washing is better for the skin ¾ the largest organ of the body simply does not care whether it is clean or dirty. On the other hand, the irritant, toxic and harmful effects of soaps have been highly exaggerated, with too much emphasis having been placed on the negative, damaging, and hazardous effects of soaps. After all, what better way could there be to promote “mild”, “non-allergenic” and “soapless” products?

Soap

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The truth of the matter is that the majority of the consumers will tolerate any kind of soap for ordinary personal use and with no harm done to their skin or pocketbooks. Although washing with soap makes no major contribution to the promotion of health, with all due respect to Semmeleweis, its importance lies in the feeling, the appearance, and the scent it imparts to the skin. The bottom line is that people derive enjoyment in washing: it gives them a sense of well being for hours afterwards, and there is no reason to discourage them or deny them this pleasure. And that is the essential raison d’etre of soap ¾ spiritual, not dermatological.

And remember: the purpose of soap is to augment the cleaning capabilities of water. If a little bit is good, a whole lot is not better.

Limit the use of soap, discard the washcloth, and stop scrubbing. Once over lightly is fine.

Ronni Wolf, MD
Batya Davidovici, MD
Rechovot, Israel
Lawrence Charles Parish, MD, MD (Hon)
Philadelphia, PA, USA

The hair care industry has seen a 3% expansion in 2012, adding revenue upwards to $49 billion with 15 billion units sold. By 2015, the market is expected to hit almost $58 billion. This would provide the industry with a 18% expansion in just five years. Currently the EU holds 35% of the global market share with Procter & Gamble holding the top global position with more than 24% of the overall market value. The following selection of shampoo slogans have been seen in past hair advertisements and meant to inspire your own unique tagline.

Soap And Shampoooutlander Lists  & Timelines

A Breath of Fresh Air For Your Hair.
A Care Full of Nature.
A Crystal Touch For Your Hair.
A life full of Beauty.
A Moments of Shiny Hair.
A more elegant.
A power that cares you.
A shampoo so rich you only need to lather once.
A totally organic experience.
Add Some Shine to Your Style.
Always smooth.
An incredible rebirth for hair.
Be Beautiful Today.
Be Dynamic.
Be Everyone Today.
Be everyone you are.
Be Young ,Be Charming.
Beautiful hair is my look.
Because you’re worth it.
Choose only Curly Hairs.
Dandruff, What is That?
Do the style. Not the damage.
Everyday, is A Good Hair Day.
Expert care for demanding hair.
Expert Care For Your Hair.
Extra volume shampoo.
Feed scalp. Feed beauty.
Fights germs. Fights dandruff.
Find your blend.
For hair that shines with all its strength.
For Hair That You Love.
For healthy scalp and hair.
For radiantly alive hair.
For the healthy hair you love.
Fresh Life, Fresh hair.
Full of Exceptional Hair Care.
Full of Wildest Fantasies.
Get A Silky And Smooth Touch.
Get Extra Volume of Your Hair.
Get The Next Level Shampoo For Your Hair
Get The Secret Hair Therapy.
Give your hair just the right level of care.
Hair Beauty Full of Nature.
Hair fail control.
Hair so healthy it shines.
Hair So Strong. So Long.
hair that shine your day.
Haircare for the real world.
Have you had your daily serving?
Healthy Hair is Your Choice.
Healthy makes it happen.
Healthy natural dynamic.
Healthy Scalp for Healthy Life.
Healthy, shine….
I have switched, naturally.
I never knew you had dandruff.
Irresistibly Smooth.
Its Smart Women’s Choice.
Just Fabulous Hair.
Let nature go to your head.
Let the best of you shine through.
Let Yourself Bright.
Let’s Your Beauty Breathes.
Life is better with a little texture.
Live flake free.
Longer. Stronger. Better.
Makes hair stronger.
Making Your Hair Happy.
My glory from your style.
My Hair, My Passion.
Never dries, it beautifies.
No dandruff. Just fabulous hair.
No more tears.
Not Just Imagine. Prove That.
Nourished hair. Beautiful hair.
Now you can say goodbye to frizz.
Our glory from your style…
Protection for Hair.
Prove It Yourself.
Redefine The Hair Beauty.
Refresh Yourself Today.
Repair and Protect.
Revitalize yourself.
Right Level of Care.
Rock Your Hair Today.
Rock your senses.
Say goodbye to tangles.
Sexy Silk Full of Bottle.
Shine is Full of Love.
Shine the future.
So beautiful, charms from the inside out.
So Bright, So Charmy.
Spirit that so Strong.
Splash of Dew.
Spread The Love With Your Hair.
Stay faithful.
Stay Shine With Fine.
Step out beautiful everyday.
Strong is beautiful.
Stronger hair. Stronger you.
Stronger. Shinier hair inside out.
Super Shine is Super Fine.
Switch to Nature Today.
Take care.
Take your hair to paradise.
That’s how confident.
The Best And Perfect Care.
The Bright Hair For Bright Future.
The bright hair I like.
The deeper conditioner.
The joy of best hair.
The King of Royal Care.
The king of royal jelly.
The secret of beautiful hair.
The Secret of Long Hair.
The unbeatable body building system.
Turn heat into beautiful hair.
Unbottle your wildest fantasies.
Unleash the beauty of nature.
Wear your hair with pride.
We’re worth it too.
Where your beauty breathes.
You try, you decide.
You won’t believe it’s a dandruff shampoo.
You’ll love your hair.
25 Shampoo Industry Statistics and Trends You Need to Know About

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Go here to see some more slogan examples and find out the perfect slogan formula for creating a catchy slogan that brings in more customers.

For those that spent countless hours and money maintaining the beauty of their hair, the following interesting list of facts about your hair may get you thinking about its many useful characteristics. Human hair can be used to make additives that is found in food such as pizza crusts and bagels, as well has found to be used for amino acids in soy sauce production.

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Here's the big list of business name ideas that covers over 150 of the most popular industries, and here is a directory of all of my slogans.
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